英文解釈演習:2001京大その1


(一部再掲)
全文訳演習
問題は下線部(1)(2)(3)を日本語にせよ。


There is no point in philosophy unless it helps dispel mental sufferings. Originally the philosopher's role was like that of today's psychiatrist – to provide answers to how we are to live. In fact, modern psychiatry, whether it knows it or not, is carrying out some of the great philosophers' most fundamental beliefs.

Consider Epicurus. Here was a man prepared to confront the question, what does it take to make a man happy? His answer includes: friendship; freedom; a willingness to analyze and reduce anxieties about such things as death, illness, and money. The capacity of money to deliver happiness, he insisted, is present in small salaries but will not rise with the largest. (1)A recently published book by an eminent sociologist describes a number of studies which have indeed shown that once a person's income is above the poverty level, an increasingly larger one contributes next to nothing to happiness. Quite the reverse happens: as wealth accumulates, family solidarity and community bonding disintegrate.

(2)Seneca* can be referred to for advice on coping with hardships, and actually he has much to say of relevance to such contemporary stupidities as violence observed in some soccer fans. He sees anger as a kind of madness, given that what makes us angrY tends to be the frustration of dangerously optimistic ideas about the world and other people. In this modern world of affluence, effective medicine, and a political system devoted to shepherding us safely from the cradle to the grave, we do not anticipate evils before they arrive. The wise man always considers what can happen, and because we are injured most by what we do not expect we must expect everything to happen. Socrates also offered this advice: "If you wish to put off all worry, assume that what you fear may happen is certainly going to happen."

Men are seduced by the trappings of wealth, power, status, and possessions, but the secret of a fulfilled and satisfied life is the wisdom to know what will truly make us happy.(3)Montaigne** believed in the superiority of wisdom―knowing what helps us live happily and morallyover mere learning. Education that makes us learned but fails to make us wise is, in his scheme of life, quite simply absurd. Would that he were living at this hour.
*Seneca セネカ 古代ローマの思想家
**Montaigne モンテーニュ 16世紀フランスの思想家

第一パラグラフから丁寧に読んでいかないと、下線部(1)を訳すことなどできません。
ky20020.jpg


やっと、下線部(1)にたどり着きました。
(1)
A recently published book by an eminent sociologist
describes
a number of studies
which have indeed shown
that once a person's income is above the poverty level,
an increasingly larger one contributes next to nothing to happiness.
ある著名な社会学者が最近刊行した本には、
これに関するたくさんの研究が
describes 紹介されている。
そして、which これらの研究によって、that 以下のことが実際に証明されている。
個人の収入が一度貧困の水準を上回ってしまう抜け出す
その後どんなに収入が増えても、その人の幸福感にはほとんど寄与しない。=それ以上に幸福に感じることはない。

Quite the reverse happens: as wealth accumulates, family solidarity and community bonding disintegrate.
quíte the (名詞):まったく,確かに…
* integrate 積分する 統合する

(それどころか)、全く反対のことが起こるのだ。
つまり、富がどんどん蓄積される as につれて、家族の結束や共同体構成員同士のつながりが崩壊していくのである。


分かるような気がします。
こんな島国が経済大国なんて言い出してから、・・・の崩壊が始まったのでしょう。
わたしたち日本人には、慎ましい、堅実な暮らしがふさわしいのではないでしょうか。

つづく


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