新高3英文解釈(上級用)補注


2017年 早大理工1番 
TEXTⅡの第三パラグラフ

  To explain the difference, they propose a distinction between what they believe *are two fundamentally different kinds of moral thinking, drawing on capacities that emerged at different stages of human evolution. On the one hand, (c) moral thinking is driven largely by social-emotional dispositions built on those we inherited from our primate ancestors. At the same time, (d) humans have a unique capacity for sophisticated abstract reasoning that can be applied to any subject matter. One might suppose, then, that human moral thinking is not one kind of process, but rather a complex interaction between (at least) two distinct types of processes: domain-specific, social-emotional responses and domain-neutral reasoning processes applied in moral contexts.


To explain the difference,
その違いを説明するために、
they propose a distinction between what they believe *are two fundamentally different kinds of moral thinking, drawing on capacities that emerged at different stages of human evolution.
*にあったwhat (are two fundamentally different kinds of moral thinking)がthey believeの左に移動して
betweenの目的語となった:

they believe what are two fundamentally different kinds of moral thinking
彼らは、根本的に異なった2種類の道徳的思考なるもの(があること)を信じている

a distinction between what they believe are two fundamentally different kinds of moral thinking,

彼らは、根本的に異なった2種類の道徳的思考なるものがあると考え、その両者を区別することを提案する、ヒトの進化の、異なった時期に生じた能力を引き合いに出すことで。


On the one hand, (c) moral thinking is driven largely by social-emotional dispositions built on those we inherited from our primate ancestors. (つまり)、(c) 道徳的思考が、主に私たちが霊長類の祖先から受け継いだものの上に築かれた、社会感情的気質によって引き起こされる一方で。

At the same time, (d) humans have a unique capacity for sophisticated abstract reasoning that can be applied to any subject matter. 同時に、(d)人間はどんな問題にも適用できる、高度な抽象的な思考を行う固有な能力をもっている。

One might suppose, then, that human moral thinking is not one kind of process, but rather a complex interaction between (at least) two distinct types of processes: domain-specific, social-emotional responses and domain-neutral reasoning processes applied in moral contexts.
だから、人間の道徳的思考とは、ある種類の何かの過程などではなく、むしろ (少なくとも)2つの異なった種類の過程、すなわち、ある分野に特化した社会的感情的反応と、(道徳的な文脈の中で適用される)どの分野にも属さないことを判断する過程という、両者の間でおこる、複雑な相互作用だと考えてよいだろう。



| 上北沢・哲英会(個人塾)連絡用ブログ ホーム |

▲TOPへ